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Even if you’re a vaping veteran, it can be easy to take these devices for granted. Having vaped for a longer time, it’s easy to pick up your e cig and get on with it, never truly questioning the inner workings of these magnificently clever devices. If you’ve been vaping for a while and you’re looking to learn a little more about your vape pen, or you’re new to the concept and looking to buy the best vape for beginners, then getting your head round the new technology is a wise idea.


Vape battery

Vape devices run on electricity and therefore need a battery. Batteries can either come as internal or external. Internal batteries are built into the vape device, whilst external ones can be added in when the last ones are run down. Except for disposable batteries, all vape batteries are rechargeable and are usually charged via a USB port in your device.



Vape coils are some of the most important pieces of vaping kit. A coil is the piece of wire which runs from the battery to the atomiser and wicking cotton. It is the connector of the electricity, which heats up the vape juice saturated in the wicking cotton. The coil can be tweaked to up or lessen the resistance, the average vape coil having a resistance of between 1.5 and 3 ohms. Sub ohm devices can reach a resistance of less than 1 ohm, leading to more vapour production.



Atomisers are the heating element within a vape device. The atomiser conducts electricity and heats up the surrounding vape juice. Atomisers can be made from a range of metals and metal alloys which include nickel, nichrome and kanthal.


Wicking cotton

Wicking cotton is the name given to the pieces of material which surround the atomiser. These small pieces of cotton are used to saturate the vape juice, and when heated up by the atomiser, cause the e juice to turn into vapour, fit for inhaling. When vaping, the crackling noise you hear is often the interaction between heat, cotton and atomiser.


Vape tank

The vape tank is where the vape juice is held. The vape tank can range in size depending on the device, but never exceeds more than 2 ml. Some devices, such as drippers don’t even have a vape tank, opting for vape juice which is dripped directly onto the atomiser instead.


Charging port

The charging port is the slot in a vape device from where it is charged. Unless you have an external battery which is taken out to be charged, most vape devices will have a USB port somewhere on their body, meaning that you can easily charge your device through a laptop or plug socket with an adapter.


Airflow control

Some people prefer a tighter airflow, whilst others prefer a cooler inhale. The mouthpiece of a device usually has an airflow control with which you can regulate the amount of vapour you get in your draw. Most airflow controls have a sliding system which restricts or opens up the mouthpiece, leading to tighter and hotter, or larger and cooler draws.



The mouthpiece of a vape device is where you inhale from. These can often be replaced, especially after they get worn down or blocked with vape juice gunk. There are many materials you can buy your mouthpiece in, including ceramic, glass and plastics. Mouthpieces are often diverse in shape and size, and it all comes down to your own individual style

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